How Angina and High Blood Pressure are Related?
When coronary heart disease causes chest pain, the condition is known as angina pectoris. In most cases, the feelings don’t stick around for more than an hour. It’s common to feel better after sitting and relaxing for a while, or after taking a nitroglycerin pill.
In some instances, it is possible to foresee and prevent the source of the discomfort. Some individuals, for instance, only have angina attacks when walking too quickly, walking uphill, or walking in chilly weather.
Relationship Between Angina and High Blood Pressure
The relationship between angina pectoris and hypertensive heart disease is complex and depends on several variables.
Oxygen supply is affected by vascular resistance, whereas oxygen demand is affected by:
- systolic and diastolic blood pressures
- diastolic filling time and wall tension
- systolic duration and transmural pressure
- sympathetic stimulation of the heart
What is Angina?
Reduced blood supply to the heart causes chest discomfort known as angina. Pain in the chest, often known as angina, is a sign of the narrowing of the arteries in the heart.
Inadequate blood supply to the heart muscle results in angina. The heart muscle requires oxygen, which is carried by the blood. Ischemia is a condition that occurs when the heart muscle is not receiving enough oxygen.
Angina attacks might be more likely if any of the following occur:
- High Blood Pressure
The impact of Angina on hypertension is harmful since it has been shown to hasten artery hardening and so cause damage over time.
- Getting Older
People over the age of 60 are disproportionately affected by angina.
- Family History
Involve your doctor if your parents or siblings suffer from or have suffered from heart disease or a heart attack.
- Cigarette Smoking
Blood flow obstruction may occur when the arterial wall is damaged by smoking, chewing tobacco, or prolonged exposure to secondhand smoke.
Angina and heart attacks are two complications of coronary artery disease, which diabetes exacerbates by raising the likelihood of atherosclerosis and cholesterol.
- A Rise in Cholesterol Level or Triglycerides.
The presence of high levels of LDL, or “bad cholesterol,” in the bloodstream is associated with atherosclerosis, the narrowing of arteries. High levels of LDL are associated with increased risk of cardiac events including angina and heart attacks. High blood triglyceride levels are also harmful.
- Other Medical Issues
The likelihood of experiencing angina attacks rises in the presence of certain medical conditions.
- Lack of Physical Activity
Inactivity is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes type 2, diabetes, and obesity. If you want to know how much and what kind of exercise is safe for you, it’s better to see a doctor.
Angina pectoris is a symptom of heart disease, which is exacerbated by obesity. When a person is overweight, the heart has to pump more blood to meet the body’s needs.
- Psychological Strain
Blood pressure may rise in response to prolonged stress and rage. Stress hormone surges may constrict blood vessels, making angina worse.
For Prinzmetal, angina attacks may be triggered by medication that constricts blood arteries, such as certain migraine medications.
- Use and Abuse of Drugs
The stimulants in cocaine and other drugs may induce constriction of the arteries and lead to attacks of chest pain, known as angina.
Angina and coronary artery disease may be treated with a variety of surgical and non-surgical methods, including:
Some examples of high blood pressure medications related to Angina are as follows:
- Other High Blood Pressure Medications
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers are two other classes of blood pressure-lowering medications (ARBs). Your doctor may recommend one of these drugs if you have hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, or chronic renal disease.
Medicines called statins are used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. One of the causes of heart disease and angina is high cholesterol. Statins inhibit a process in the body that is necessary for the production of cholesterol. They aid in the prevention of arterial blockages.
- Beta Blockers
By slowing the heart rate and decreasing its pumping efficiency, beta blockers reduce arterial pressure. These drugs also work to dilate blood arteries, which increases blood flow.
A catheter operation or open-heart surgery may be required if angina discomfort is not alleviated by conventional treatments.
- Angioplasty with Stenting.
An angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), involves the insertion of a small balloon into the blocked artery. After inflating the balloon, a tiny wire mesh coil (stent) is often placed into the artery to keep it open.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
A vein or artery from another part of the body is utilised to reroute blood around a constricted or obstructed heart artery during coronary artery bypass surgery. The bypass procedure improves circulation to the heart. Both unstable angina and stable angina that hasn’t improved with conventional therapies may benefit from this strategy.
- Lifestyle Changes
A significant aspect of treating angina is implementing a heart-healthy way of living. Some changes ones can do are:
- Avoid Smoking
- Avoid Alcohol
- Have a Healthy Diet
- Exercise and Weight Management
- Work on Stress Relief
Some drugs, like nitroglycerin, may provide rapid pain relief, while others may be used to prevent angina. You should follow the instructions of your doctor before taking any free medication delivery.
Since having angina makes you more susceptible to cardiac arrest. However, it is curable with the proper care. Furthermore, if heart disease runs in your family, it’s important to see a doctor. Use this as a caution and start making better decisions for your health.